Carpentry

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Carpentry exists in many different forms and it’s one of the principles (rudiments) of do-it-yourself activities performed by handy men. It could vary from the more simple small jobs like making a nesting box or a book shelve to more complicated jobs like cupboards or garret windows


Tools

The most important condition is that the shelves are having the right measurements . Inside as well as outside the house a lot of carpentry could have to be carried out. You should keep in mind that it’s of great importance that carpentry outside the house needs extra maintenance as regards protection against weather effects as well as woodworms. First the shelves have to be customized and grated after which the carpentry can start.

Requirements

  • ruler
  • pencil
  • saw
  • wood
  • nails
  • hammer
  • woodglue

Before you’re going to start your carpentry, it would be sensible to decide beforehand if you’re going to choose using nails, screws or glue. Of course a combination of these adhering techniques provides the optimum solidity.
Nails as well as screws are a lot more environmentally friendly, as glue often is not biodegradable and it’s containing synthetic solvents. Besides you’ll be able to separate nailed and screwed materials from each other, which isn’t the case when it comes to glue.


Screws

Many people prefer using screws when doing odd jobs, because these can be applied in no time with a proper electric drill and if needed the fixed materials can be easily disassembled.


Nails

In common parlance people talk about nails, while the official designation for this little object happens to be wire nail . Formerly most nails used to be made of iron wire, but at present they’re also made of copper, brass, electrolytic and hardened steel to restrict them from being beaten crooked and to prevent the nails getting rusty as a result of weather circumstances.  
There are also diversities in the different kinds of nail heads, namely a common head, a lost head or an enlarged head.
For carpentry inside the house mainly two kinds of nails are distinguished, namely the nails with the common head and the brass nails. Nails or wire nails provided with a head are standard en can be used for almost all jobs whatsoever. In a standard large packing are 50 kilogram of nails. The amount of nails in such a packing depends on the length and the diameter of the nails.
The brass nails are also extremely good qualified especially for inside jobs within the house and particularly for fasten plinths. The convex head and the yellow gold colour of these brass nails are conferring a beautiful radiation to the benefit of the finishing touch. Nails with a sunken down head are used for jobs at which the head isn’t allowed to be visible at all. In most cases the nails are driven a bit below the surface, after which a small layer of filler makes the head of the nail invisible. 
For outside jobs you should choose RVS nails or nails made of steel. Nails made of rustproof steel are shaped differently compared with the standard nails with a customary head. It so happens that an RVS nail has a convex head as well as a sunken down head. This kind of nails is especially meant to be used outside the house, for example in case of the construction of a garden house. An example of an RVS nail is the porous concrete nail. The steel nails are bigger, have a thicker size and are more suitable for attaching materials against concrete or stone.
Finally there also still are the nails with the enlarged head, which are used to fasten softer materials with the purpose to get a solid attachment anyway.
Plastered walls are known to have a relatively low gripping capacity, which means that attaching a plank on such a wall is not going to work if you don’t use plugs. Dependent on the size of the nails you’re going to use, you’ll first have to drill a hole into the wall, which will be big enough for putting the plug in. After having put the plug into te wall, the nail has to be driven into this plug. As a result of this you enlarge the gripping capacity of the wall and consequently it’s going to be more stable.


Glue

If you finally decide to glue the materials together, you will be able to make a broad choice concerning the possibilities. The different kinds of glue could have a natural as well as an synthetic origin. They also could be water proof or not. In contrast with a bolt connection, there are yet some advantages applying glue, like being able to equally divide the pressure inside and on the connection (joint). Also the glue joint is hundred percent gas proof and besides a large variety of materials can be glued together.
However, there are also some disadvantages using glue joints: the glue process could be rather complicated, because the choice of the appropriate kind of glue depends on the materials to be employed. In addition to this, from a constructional point of view, glue is not usable everywhere. Like this, comparatively considered, to glue large surfaces is not possible because of the loss of capacity. Apart from this a glue joint cannot guarantee it’s strength beforehand, which surely can be guaranteed from the beginning when using nails and screws.


Wood rot

While performing carpentry, you’ll also have to take the presence of wood rot into account. Most of the problems with wooden material parts like frames, windows and doors are caused by wood rot. As a result of overdue maintenance, constructional deficiencies and a damp climate the wooden constructions will be affected and problems such as leaks and weakening of the constructions will occur. Prevention is always better than cure and it saves you money and fuss. Take care that there is no water on or in the wooden construction and that nail- and screw holes are always dry. Latches and locks should be assembled in such a way that there can’t be an accumulation of water and when the paint on frames and doors is peeling of, measures have to be taken as fast as possible. If wood rot should occur anyhow, there are a number of solutions to solve this problem, provided that the wood rot is in a beginning stage. In this case removing and stuffing it , could be the answer. If wood rot is in an advanced or even terminal stadium , it isn’t possible any more to handle it yourself. In such a case it would be sensible to involve a professional and specialized constructing and carpentry firm, which is going to make an inventory of the damage and is going to show you what has to be done. If you don’t like doing odd jobs and as a consequence you don’t want to put together a window frame yourself, there are a lot of companies which deliver custom made aluminium, wooden and synthetic frames. This not only saves you a lot of time but it’s also financially more profitable, as materials for constructing frames could turn out to be quite expensive. Moreover you’ll be also assured of quality and a perfect fitting frame.  


Sorts of wood

Wood is a product of nature and consequently has changing qualities and characteristics. Most of the time wood is divided into two sorts: hard wood and soft wood. Hard wood mainly comes from deciduous trees and is therefore by definition called hard wood, but in fact the hardness of the wood is not at stake, because there also are deciduous trees which produce soft wood, like there are the poplar and the lime tree. Another hard sort of wood is the wood of the azobé, originating from Africa. Coniferous wood comes from the conifer and is also by definition called soft wood. Generally speaking coniferous wood is softer than deciduous wood, but there are exceptions. In The Netherlands the most used kinds of coniferous wood is pinewood and deal wood. Especially In South America and Asia huge parts of woods are being cut down for the benefit or the timber trade. Fortunately this kind of tropical hard wood is increasingly less available in the hardware stores. With a view to durability, the FSC-hallmark indicates that concerning tropical an non tropical wood, you’re using durable wood.

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